۱۴۰۱ جمعه ۸ مهر
Friday, September 30, 2022
سال 1401 تولید، دانش بنیان و اشتغال آفرین
جستجو
Papandreou, M. A.
Behavioural Brain Research - 2011

Brain aging is characterized by cognitive decline and memory deficits that could be the result of oxidative stress and impaired cholinergic function. In this study, the effects of a daily, 7-day, intraperitoneal administration of saffron on cognitive functions were examined in both healthy adult (4 months old) and aged (20 months old), male Balb-c mice (n=8/group), by passive avoidance test. Whole brain homogenates (minus cerebellum) were collected for examination of brain oxidative markers, caspase-3 and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Results showed that saffron-treated mice exhibited significant improvement in learning and memory, accompanied by reduced lipid peroxidation products, higher total brain antioxidant activity and reduced caspase-3 activity in both age groups of mice. Furthermore, salt- and detergent-soluble AChE activity was significantly decreased only in adult mice. Thus, we showed, for the first time, that the significant cognitive enhancement conferred by saffron administration in mice, is more closely related to the antioxidant reinforcement. Next, we compared the effect of saffron (1-250 μg/mL), crocetin and safranal (1-125 μM) on H(2)O(2)-induced toxicity in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Both saffron and crocetin provided strong protection in rescuing cell viability (MTT assay), repressing ROS production (DCF assay) and decreasing caspase-3 activation. These data, together with earlier studies suggest that crocetin is a unique and potent antioxidant, capable of mediating the in vivo effects of saffron.
نویسنده:
تعداد بازدید:
219
تاریخ:
1399/11/06
Powered by DorsaPortal